Since its creation in 2006, Modus Operandi carries out research on conflict transformation and political transition. Its research focuses on four themes within the context of post-conflict and post-Soviet countries. The main approaches that inspire our analysis are political sociology and anthropology as well as conflict analysis. The four themes are:


Modus Operandi’s approach to political transformations and conflict is one rooted in sociology and anthropology. This leads to a bottom up approach to research, one based on contextual and regional experiences rather than the more state-centered study that is generally associated with political science. However the research is not confined to using anthropology and sociology; political science and economics are also used so as to address all the interdependent areas that reconstruction affects.


Modus Operandi bases its research on case studies that have been developed through fieldwork and interviews, as well as consideration of the historical context of a given situation.  This ensures that any conclusions are grounded on a contextualized experience, and also prevents any misunderstanding of terms used between disciplines as every theory is shown through example.
The fact the Modus Operandi regularly organises debates and meetings is an important aspect of their research methodology. Creating dialogue between actors in the field, civil society actors, policy oriented and academic researchers creates a dialogue around research conclusions, preventing them from becoming stagnant or irrelevant.